Piercing scars

The classic piercing is performed on female newborns in the earlobe. Today the practice of piercing was extended to other parts of the body such as the eyebrows, nostrils, navel, lips, tongue and genitals among others. After a time the orifice produced begins to epithelize and a fistula is generated. Fistula is a connection or channel between tissues or organs. Fistulas do not close spontaneously and when the person removes the decorative element either because they do not want to use more or because tube infection or allergic reactions there is left a depressed scar and an unsightly fis...

Multiple lipomatosis

It is a condition characterized by the appearance of multiple lipomas in the trunk and extremities. They are usually presented in more than one member of the family. Lipomas, while not very painful, aesthetically and functionally affect the person who has them. Patients with multiple lipomatosis generally received some type of surgical treatment and have unsightly scars, which is why they hesitate to continue the removal of the remaining ones. Dr. Ricardo Hoogstra developed a technique that allows the removal of many lipomas in a single session with local anesthesia and leaving min...

Fordyce Spots or Stains

Stains or Fordyce spots are the white approximately 1 to 3 mm that may appear on the lips, penis, scrotum and vulva. They are enlarged sebaceous glands, are non-malignant lesions and do not require treatment, except that disturb aesthetically. In which case, the best treatment is drainage with the Laser Lotus, which without requiring anesthesia produces a micro incision on the gland that allows drainage of its content. The patient can continue immediately with their activity and showering the same day. Treatment and post treatment is painless. To ask about this treatment, please ent...

Dermoid Cyst in the eyebrow tail

Dermoid cysts are considered a form of cystic teratoma derived from the embryonic germinal epithelium. In the interior of the cyst often we found skin, glands, hair, teeth, etc. ETIOLOGY: When bone union lines begin to close, they can be caught in the same epithelial tissue. This trapped tissue produce the cyst The sutures most frequently affected are the frontozygomaticas, this gives rise to the cyst is located more often in the tail of the eyebrow. CLINICAL: Dermoid cysts are oval, painless, smooth, slow-growing masses. TREATMENT: The treatment is surgical and involves c...

Keratosis pilaris or goosebumps

Keratosis pilaris is characterized by the presence of keratin plugs into follicular orifices and a variable degree of perifollicular erythema. It is not caused by the cold as commonly known. It is usually inherited, but is also seen in obese patients, diabetes, renal failure and other. Primarily it affects arms, thighs, buttocks and chest. Clinically are papulas- white and grey- hair left trapped, with redness around. The skin is rough to the touch. Patients report improvement during the summer. The best treatment there at the moment is the Erbium Laser Lotus. It's fast, effect...


Syringomas are benign tumors of the eccrine glands. Syringomas are Multiple lesions of skin colored, slightly raised whose diameter is 1-5 mm. They are located mainly in lower eyelids, neck, chest. More common in middle- age women. Treatment: The most modern, effective, painless and quick recovery is the extraction treatment with Erbium Laser Lotus. To ask about this treatment, please enter here.

Spitz Nevo

Spitz Nevus is a type of Nevo Melanocitico that appears mainly in children and young people. It is a benign lesion. Their size varies by a few mm to 0.6 -3 cm. It is located most frequently on the face and lower limbs. It is rapidly growing. Its color varies from red to black.   To ask about this treatment, please enter here.

Molluscum pendulum

Molluscum pendulum is a benign tumor of the skin. It is a soft tumor protruding from the skin surface and is attached to the skin by a itsm. The color may be different between light to dark. These lesions usually appear on the back, neck, body folds such as the armpits and on the eyelids. Its size is usually a few millimeters, rarely goes beyond centimeters. The ideal treatment is removal with Laser Lotus, because it is painless and recovery is faster than with conventional treatments. Patients testimonies: To ask about this treatment, please enter here.

Cutaneous Horn

The cutaneous horn (Latin horn, " horn ", " horny skin " or " outgrowth ") The cutaneous horn is defined as a tumor lesion with great hyperkeratosis. It may be associated with benign lesions (actinic keratoses) and malignant (squamous cell carcinoma). Cutaneous horns usually appear on exposed areas. There are several injuries that can form the basis of the cutaneous horn, including squamous cell carcinoma, actinic keratosis, keratoacanthomas, Bowen's disease, seborrheic keratoses, basal cell carcinomas, hemangiomas, Kaposi's sarcoma. Treatment consists of complete resection of the le...

Hairy eruptive cysts

Quistes vellosos eruptivos
Downy eruptive cyst is a developmental disorder of the hair follicle which predispose to occlusion of the outflow tract, which leads to hair retention and cystic dilatation. It is clinically manifested by the appearance of numerous asymptomatic macules or papules on anterior chest, abdomen and underarms, but can also occur in the neck and face. The lesions may be skin -colored, erythematous, yellowish or bluish, its size varies from 1-5 mm and the amount is variable. Treatment of these cysts until now was difficult. Today thanks to Laser technology can make small holes in the skin, pa...

Ota nevus

ota nevus
Ota nevus is a stain that has a blue or black color which appears at birth. It is located on the face, follows the trigeminal nerve. Usually also it affects the nasal mucosa, oral mucosa and eye. It is more common in asian and people of color. Currently, the best treatment for nevus of Ota is the Laser HELIOS Q - Switched ND Yag 1064, which runs through selective photothermal and photomechanical destruction of dermal melanocytes and melanophages. To achieve effective results are needed between 4 and 8 sessions with intervals of 15 to 30 days of each other. To learn more about this tr...

Acne scars

The scars left by the acne appear to be a double punishment, the patient first passes his adolescence with acute outbreaks of acne, comedones, pustules, nodules, etc. These typical acute acne lesions not treated properly end in scars. To better understand this process as we understand first is acute acne. Acute Acne is caused by the obstruction, output the contents of the pilo sebaceous gland. This blockage causes retention of sebum and dead cells. Dilation of the gland in the skin manifests as multiple grains. The sebum and dead cells retained in the sebaceous follicle support the grow...


Soon you will find here information about this treatment that performs Hoogstra Centros Médicos. To make a consultation online, enter here.

Depressed scars

The loss of skin, subcutaneous tissue and often muscle produce depressed scars. These scars can due to accidents, acts of violence or surgeries. It is common to see depressed scars after abdominal surgery. These surgical wounds usually infect and produced damage to the fat. Depressed scars are produced by the replacement the local tissue for connective tissue. While scars can not be eliminated entirely, our surgical experience and laser technology that have allowed us to help improve the aesthetic and functional appearance of his scar. This procedure is performed by Dr. Ricardo...

Morphea or localized scleroderma

Scleroderma is an autoimmune disease of unknown etiology, more common in women. The term scleroderma means sclerosis, or hardening of the skin. The condition can be localized or systemic. The Morfea, also called localized scleroderma, can have different shapes: DROPS: small, superficial, with little induration and sharp edges injuries. PLATES: injuries of varying length, indurated, purplish. LINEAR: bands located mainly in the limbs and face. The skin is indurated and depressed. Morphea to regress may change color, either hyperpigmentation or hypopigmentation, vascular les...

Lips Cysts

Lips Cysts A mucous cyst, also known as a mucocoele, is a fluid-filled swelling that occurs on the lip or the mouth. The cyst develops when mucus from the mouth's salivary glands becomes plugged. Most cysts are on the lower lip but can occur anywhere inside the oral cavity. Most cysts are temporary and painless. However, cysts can become permanent if they are not treated. What Causes Mucous Cysts? Mucous cysts are most commonly caused by trauma to the oral cavity, such as: • lip biting (most common cause). • piercings. • accidental rupture of salivary gland. • adjacent teeth...

Hyperpigmentation or dark skin spots pos – carbon dioxide Laser

How they occur and how hyperpigmentations or dark spots skin are produced after photo rejuvenation with carbon dioxide laser. The carbon dioxide laser is one of the most effective skin rejuvenation tools. Tiny laser beams penetrate the skin like thermals columns to the deep dermis. Heating the deep dermis collagen producing an increased tension of the skin and reducing wrinkles and fine lines At the level of the epidermis produces a surface ablation removal of actinic spots, solar keratosis, attenuation of the pores and reduce acne scars. This thermal heating may occur in some patient...

How to treat dark spot on the skin

The dark spots on the skin can be benign or malignant. The most common benign lesions are actinic lentigines. Also called age spots or solar lentigines, they are found in sun-exposed areas such as the face, back of hands, neck and forearms. Their size may be a few millimeters to several centimeters and sometimes they are very large. They usually appear after age 40 and have an earlier development in photo type II people who have not procured adequate sun protection. Lentigines are a constant in elderly whites. The most common treatments include cryosurgery and electrosurgery. These t...

Dark Circles

Dark circles, is among the most common problems that affect the skin around the eyes. Dark circles are known in medical parlance as Idiopathic cutaneous hyperchromia of the periorbital rim. The skin of the eyelids is the finest of the whole organism and allows easily to visualize the changes that occur below it. According to histopathological studies that I made, this discoloring of the skin of the eyes is due in most cases to excess production of melanin and dilated capillaries near the skin surface. These changes tend to follow the anatomy of the orbicularis oculi muscle surrounding the...

Aging of the hands, pigmented lesions

Aging not only affects the skin of the face, but also the hands. Hands may start showing signs of aging before face does. The skin on the back of the hand is much thinner than the face, and contains much less fat. As the skin's natural collagen and elastin fibers begin to break down, hands begin to show signs of aging. Textures can change and veins might begin to get bigger. Wrinkles and thin and translucent skin are also signs of aging hands. Tips to prevent aging of the hands: 1) Use suitable photo protective products according to the season of the year and the type of skin. 2) Use moi...


Are hyper pigmented maculae (dark spots) that affect the face. It consists of several hyper pigmented patches with not well defined edges symmetrically distributed on the face. The forehead, cheeks, upper lip and chin are the most affected areas. The color can vary from shades of brown to black. Sun exposure increases the degree of pigmentation. The darker pigmentations occur over bony prominences of the forehead and cheekbones which receive higher solar radiation. Melasma is most commonly seen during pregnancy when patient takes contraceptives, but also it can show up during menopause ...

Laser to remove benign skin tumors and cysts

Great news in the dermatological field: New treatments with laser -powered devices can eliminate benign skin tumors (as keratoses, keratoacanthomas, warts, nevi , adenomas, mollusks, keloids or xanthelasmas ) without resorting to surgery. Conventional treatment for these skin problems is surgical removal or freezing (cryo therapy), which involve pain during and after surgery, anesthesia , scars and other problems . Laser Treatment with Lotus II , Erbium microfractional is done in practice. Not being required anesthesia procedure is faster and more secure. You may notice a redness or discomfor...

Hemangioma. Angiomas

It is an abnormal buildup of blood vessels in the skin or internal organs. Around 1 in 3 hemangiomas are present at birth and the rest appear in the first months of life. The hemangioma may be: • In the top skin layers (capillary hemangioma). • Being deep in the skin (cavernous hemangioma). • Being a mixture of both. Treatment: The most effective treatment today is the laser. The most used are the long-pulsed Nd: YAG 1064 nm and diode 980. For red superficial angiomas is very effective 532 nm laser. The number of sessions will be related to the type of vascular injury and the l...

Laser to remove benign tumors on cysts and skin

Sebaceous cysts frequently originate from hair follicles (Pilar Cysts) or from the epidermis (epidermoid cysts). They are located frequently on the face , neck and torso. They are moving masses that move freely under the skin, grow slowly and do not cause any pain. They get infected quite often and present the following symptoms and signs: skin redness, pain, increase in local temperature and drainage of a white-gray material that looks much like cottage cheese. Conventional treatment includes surgical resection of the cyst and neighboring skin. The newest treatment includes the use of...

Pigmentation after ferric injection

The spots on the buttocks observed after application of intramuscular iron , are common and until recently impossible to remove. The Helios laser is currently the only effective and safe technology to eliminate these unsightly stains. The Helios laser is the only laser micro ND Yag Qswicheado fractionated having a diffractive optical system which was patented by the firm Laseroptek . This equipment allows a few sessions eliminate dark stain skin without causing damage or adverse effects. Laser light energy is absorbed by the ferric pigment producing the vaporization and elimination o...

Stained nails, laser treatment

The nails of hands and feet are translucent sheets on top of the fingers and toes. Sometimes it can change color. The discoloration of the nails can have different causes. The nails are formed of a keratin layer that protects the external environment, if for some reason this is disturbed keratin layer nail product is impregnated environmental and stained dark. On this site we will see a video as we clarified in a single session with a totally Helios Laser stained nails. Another cause staining of the nails occurs in patients who have tic fingernail rubbing against each other, this produc...

Keratosis, actinic and seborrheic

Actinic keratosis are benign tumors of the skin surface. The condition usually appears after age 40. Actinic keratoses are most common in parts of the body that are most exposed to the sun such as face, ears, neck, hands, or forearms They`re usually painless, but may become irritated and itchy. Keratosis presents itself clinically as spots or rough, scaly lesions. These spots or lesions are not cancerous, but if left untreated, can potentially become a serious type of skin cancer called squamous cell carcinoma. What are the symptoms of actinic keratosis? Actinic keratosis is seen as...

Laser wart treatment

Warts are skin lesions caused by the human papilloma virus. Its removal is not easy as the warts have their own blood supply system which generates heavy bleeding. Additionally nerve committed by causing great pain terminals. Warts are contagious. Individuals with impaired immune systems are more prone to this disease. Depending on the serotype of the virus, the affected area is different (hands, face, feet, anogenital etc.). Treatments: The treatments are based on the local tissue destruction: Cryosurgery (freezing the tissue) is an effective treatment but very painful and leaves a d...

Over expressed scars

Scar occurs when the epithelial tissue is replaced with connective tissue. Scars are the expression of the healing process that occurs in the dermis and epidermis after an injury, either after surgery or after trauma. When healing is excessive, the scar is over expressed. Over expressed scars are divided in two groups, Keloid scars and simple hypertrophic scars. We also have other kinds of scars such as sunken pinpoint scars produced by acne sequels, chicken pox etc. Sunken scars caused by trauma or surgical procedures and wide scars. In other Newsletter we will refer to our experience in...


Rosacea as many other diseases have an hereditary component, but is composed by a series of factors that increase blood flow to the skin. Causes These are some of those factors: 1) Labor: great exposure to the sun, ovens, kitchens, saunas etc. 2) Drugs (viagra, corticosteroids, estrogens, antihypertensives) 3) Beverages (hot beverages, alcohol) 4) Meals (spicy meals) Rosacea usually has evolutionary phases. At first you only sees a reddening of the patient's face, which is followed by small vasodilations on the nose, cheeks, chin etc. These patients tend to have flash to sun exposure...


They are benign lesions as a yellowish plaques, which appear in both the upper eyelid and the lower eyelid. What is its origin? They are fat and cholesterol deposits that do not always relate to blood cholesterol nor with metabolic disorders What are the symptoms? They are merely cosmetic don't produce symptoms. How is the treatment? Surgery is the most common treatment. Nd: YAG: is another therapeutic option that requires no preparation, no need to be in a surgical area and also no need of the use of anesthesia To learn more about this treatment, please enter here.

Rhinophyma, treatment with carbon dioxide laser

Rhinophyma is characterised by prominent pores and a fibrous thickening of the nose, sometimes with papules. It is associated with the common skin condition rosacea. It can carry a strong psychological impact due to its effect on one's personal appearance. Rhinophyma is a slowly progressive condition due to hypertrophy of the sebaceous glands of the tip of the nose often seen in cases of long-standing acne rosacea; it is not a neoplasm. It presents as a pink, lobulated mass over the nose with superficial vascular dilation; it mostly affects men past middle age. Patients seek advice b...

Stretch marks

These grooves are in the form of skin atrophy whit lines , localized in the connective tissue . They appear when the skin is stretched or giving of themselves due to rapid growth . Although the skin is usually elastic, when it's overstretched, the normal production of collagen (the major protein that makes up the connective tissue of the skin) is disrupted. Consequently, they can form scars called stretch marks. They are preferentially located in the abdominal wall, buttocks, legs, arms, and breasts. The color of the streak is at first darker and in its final stage becomes pearly white ...

Novel treatment for Onychomicosis

The end of an enemy that seemed invincible. This is an excellent news in the field of podiatrics because it revolutionize the way to fight against one of the most persistent enemies of the nail. FDA has approved the use of the Q-switched Nd:YAG laser for the treatment of onychomicosis. Helios II and FOX 3 1064 treats nail fungus in hands and feets with more than 90% of therapeutic effectiveness. These lasers deliver light energy through the nail that erradicates the fungui and allows the nail to re generate and grow back again healthy. During the treatment the laser beam produces a s...

Pyogenic granuloma

Pyogenic granuloma is a vascular lesion that occurs on both mucosa and skin, and appears as an overgrowth of tissue due to irritation, or trauma. Also known as a "Eruptive hemangioma", "Granulation tissue-type hemangioma", "Granuloma gravidarum", "Lobular capillary hemangioma", "Pregnancy tumor", and "Tumor of pregnancy". The name for pyogenic granuloma is misleading because it is not a true granuloma. In actuality, it is a capillary hemangioma of lobular subtype which is the reason they are often quite prone to bleeding. Treatment Usually surgery is needed, in our clinic we performed L...

Severe acne

 Acne is one of the most common disorders in the world. Primarily affects teens. Although the skin is usually elastic, when it's overstretched, the normal production of collagen (the major protein that makes up the connective tissue of the skin) is disrupted. Consequently, they can form scars called stretch marks. They are preferentially located in the abdominal wall, buttocks, legs, arms, and breasts. The color of the streak is at first darker and in its final stage becomes pearly white Types There are two types of stretch marks: • Stretch distension observed in pregnant women, i...

Skin papules

A papule is a type of skin lesion, circumscribed, elevated, well-defined edges, solid content. Most of these lesions is elevated above the level of the surrounding skin and not the deeper planes, but may involve both dermis and epidermis. Conventional treatments are: - Electrocoagulation. - Cryosurgery. - Scalpel surgery. At Hoogstra Medical Center, Erbium Laser is used with Lotus II which can vaporize the lesion selectively without affecting the surrounding tissues. Removal of skin papules with Laser Lotus is a more effective, quick, painless with excellent cosmetic outcome pro...

Intradermal nevi

Nevus or Nevo (Latin naevus, lunar) is a proliferation of different types of cells in the skin. Thus, there may be Sebaceous nevus , apocrine (of apocrine glands in the skin), and so on. The most characteristic are melanocytic nevi, which are proliferations of pigmented cells called "nevus cells". These skin lesions can be removed today with different types of Laser. The Laser treatment is a safe, fast, painless, effective and above all with an extraordinary aesthetic result procedure. To learn more about this treatment, please enter here.

Lengitines and freckles

The Ephelides or freckles are small macules (spots), usually 1 to 2 mm in diameter, light brown in sun-exposed areas. The lengitines are lesions usually multiple, often on exposed areas like the face and back of hands. Actinic lentigines Also called solar lentigines, consist of brown spots with varying tones. The size varies from a few millimeters to several centimeters and its edges are irregular. They usually appear after ages 40 to 50 and are often more intense and numerous in whiter skinned people. Must be distinguished from malignant lentigines which generally have irregular borders ...

Nevo Ruby or red mole

Nevos- o Lunares Rojos
The word nevus or nevus (Latin naevus, mole) refers to a proliferation of different cell types in the skin. The most typical are melanocytic nevi that are pigmented cell proliferations. The Nevus Rufus or red spots, also known as Nevus Ruby, Ruby Points, Nevus or Moles Blood Cherry. Benign moles are listed older subjects, skin aging, men and women, usually in the chest, neck and arm. They are usually circular, red and of one or two millimeters in diameter. Many are also in fair-skinned people. His appearance is a vascular dilation of small superficial blood vessels. May appear for liver ...


When strategically placed on the cheek of a woman, they can be attractive. Some womens , even, paint artificial moles on their faces. They are called beauty marks, but not all moles are beautiful. In daily practice there are many patients who consult to remove moles that they consider unsightly. The main advantage of treating moles with a laser is that it avoids scarring. Removing moles with a scalpel regardless of size and number, always leads to scars. By using a laser you get a better aesthetic opportunity. Because laser light is absorbed by the pigment in the nevus. Consequently Nev...


Lipomas are benign tumors composed of the subcutaneous tissue proliferation. It can occur anywhere on the body. They are soft to the touch and usually not painful, are generally soft consistency. They are usually small, but sometimes acquire great size. The treatment of these tumors was always surgical. The laser with wavelength 980 nm, 1064 nm we provide a new therapeutic modality. Laser light energy is transmitted through a fiber of 1 mm which is inserted percutaneous into the skin through. This procedure leaves no scars, no wounds sutured and the patient's recovery is much faster. ...

Post-Inflammatory hyper pigmentation (PIH)

This type of pigmented lesions as the name implies describes the final stage of an inflammatory process suffered by the skin. The red area is the first evolutionary step and is due to vascular dilation, then comes the dark pigment. This type of hyper pigmentation is frequent in patients doing waxing depilation with hot wax. The upper lip is usually the most affected area. Post-inflammatory hyper pigmentation are also observed on: • Patients using Anti-Perspirants /Deodorants and that have allergy to any of its components. In this case the most affected areas are the armpits. • Patient ...