Rosacea as many other diseases have an hereditary component, but is composed by a series of factors that increase blood flow to the skin.
These are some of those factors:
1) Labor: great exposure to the sun, ovens, kitchens, saunas etc.
2) Drugs (viagra, corticosteroids, estrogens, antihypertensives)
3) Beverages (hot beverages, alcohol)
4) Meals (spicy meals)
Rosacea usually has evolutionary phases.
At first you only sees a reddening of the patient’s face, which is followed by small vasodilations on the nose, cheeks, chin etc. These patients tend to have flash to sun exposure or heated environments. Over time pustule formations can be seen on the nose, cheeks, forehead and chin.
The eyes can also be affected (ocular rosacea), vasodilation observed and no itching and burning sensation.
Rhinophyma, occurs in advanced stages and presents nose deformities in varying degrees. A future article will be devoted exclusively to the treatment of these advances stages.
Avoid as far as possible the following factors that stimulate it, such as (sun exposure without adequate protection, saunas, heated environments, spicy foods, alcohol, stress, drugs) Avoid products that are irritating to your skin.
There are topical medications that reduce redness and inflammation. These are often used in conjunction with oral medications as part of a program to control the symptoms. Some medications are topical creams containing metronidazole tretinoinas, benzoyl peroxide, and azelaic acid. These medications usually causes irritation, redness, dryness and a consultation to a professional dermatologist is the best way to handle such situations.
Depending on the stage, it might be necessary the use of oral antibiotics such as tetracycline or erythromycin. Isotretinoin It is a powerful anti-inflammatory used to reduce sebum production in cystic acne, which is also used when rosacea is an inflammatory component. Patients taking isotretinoin should be monitored by a dermatologist because of the possibility of serious side effects, among which is depression, suicidal thoughts, joint and bone pain, rash. This drug also causes birth defects. Eyes affected by rosacea are commonly treated using steroid drops.
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